[2018-Vol.15-Issue 3]Production and Characterization of High Density Polyethylene Reinforced by Eucalyptus Capsule Fibers
Time: 2018-05-12 21:48  Click:371
Journal of Bionic Engineering
 
Volume 15, Issue 3, May 2018, Pages 558-566.
 
Wafa Ouarhim1, 2, Mohammed-Ouadi Bensalah2, Denis Rodrigue3, Hamid Essabir1*, Rachid Bouhfid1, Abou el kacem Qaiss1
1. Moroccan Foundation for Advanced Science, Innovation and Research (MAScIR), Institute of Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology (NANOTECH), Laboratory of Polymer Processing, Rabat, Morocco
2. Faculty of Science, Laboratory of Mechanic and Materials (LMM), Mohammed V-Rabat, University, Rabat, Morocco
3. Department of Chemical Engineering and CERMA, Université Laval, Quebec G1V0A6, Canada
 
Abstract  In this work, Eucalyptus Capsule Fibers (ECF) are proposed as a new natural fiber reinforcement to produce bio-composites due to their biological origin, specific smell and color. High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) is used as the matrix to compare three reinforcement types, raw ECF, alkali treated ECF, and ECF treated with PE-graft-maleic anhydride (PE-g-MA) as a coupling agent at three concentra-tions (5 wt.%, 10 wt%, and 15 wt%). A complete set of characterization is performed including tension, torsion, hardness, Melt Flow Index (MFI), Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), Contact Angle (CA), Scanning Electron Mi-croscopy (SEM), Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) and Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA). The results show that the best me-chanical and rheological improvements are obtained by using the coupling agent with alkali treated fibers.
 
Key words: eucalyptus capsule fibers      polyethylene      alkaline treatment      coupling agent      mechanical properties     

Full text is available at   https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s42235-018-0046-4

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