[2017-Vol.14-Issue 1]Bio-inspired Graphene-enhanced Thermally Conductive Elastic Silicone Rubber as Drag Reduction Material
Time: 2017-03-14 16:15  Click:71

Volume 14, Issue 1, January 2017, Pages 130–140

  • a Key Laboratory of Bionic Engineering (Ministry of Education), Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China
  • b Siping People's Government Office, Siping 136000, China
  • c Transportation College, Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China


This study presented a graphene platelet/silicone rubber (GPL/SR) composite as a drag reduction material, inspired by the boundary heating drag reduction mechanism of dolphin skin. Graphene was added as a thermally conductive filler at weight fractions of 0.17 wt%, 0.33 wt% and 0.67 wt% to pristine silicone rubber (PSR). Tests of the thermal conductivity and tensile properties showed that the thermal conductivity of all three GPL/SR materials of 0.17 wt%, 0.33 wt% and 0.67 wt% graphene were 20%, 40% and 50% higher than that of the PSR, respectively, and the elastic modulus of the 0.17 wt% GPL/SR materials was lowest. Droplet velocity testing, which can reflect the drag reduction mechanism of the heating boundary controlled by the GPL/SR composite, was performed between 0.33 wt% GPL/SR, which typically exhibits good mechanical properties and thermal conductivity performance, and the PSR. The results showed that on the 0.33 wt% GPL/SR, the droplet velocity was higher and the rolling angle was lower, implying that the GPL/SR composite had a drag-reducing function. In terms of the drag reduction mechanism, the heat conductivity performance of the GPL/SR accelerated the heat transfer between the GPL/SR composite surface and the droplet. The forces between the molecules decreased and the droplet dynamic viscosity was reduced. The drag of a sliding water droplet was proportional to the dynamic viscosity, which resulted in drag reduction. The application of GPL/SR material to the control fluid medium should have important value for fluid machinery.


  • silicone rubber
  • thermal conductivity
  • elastic modulus
  • bio-inspiration
  • drag reduction

Full text is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1672652916603840


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