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[2021-Vol.18-Issue 2]Fish Lateral Line Inspired Flow Sensors and Flow-aided Control: A Review
Post: 2021-05-14 09:14  View:140

J Bionic Eng 18 (2021) 264–291 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42235-021-0034-y 

Fish Lateral Line Inspired Flow Sensors and Flow-aided Control: A Review 

Yufan Zhai1 , Xingwen Zheng1*, Guangming Xie1,2,3* 

1. State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, Intelligent Biomimetic Design Lab, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
2. Institute of Ocean Research, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
3. Peng Cheng Laboratory, Shenzhen 518055, China 

Abstract  Any phenomenon in nature is potential to be an inspiration for us to propose new ideas. Lateral line is a typical example which has attracted more interest in recent years. With the aid of lateral line, fish is capable of acquiring fluid information around, which is of great significance for them to survive, communicate and hunt underwater. In this paper, we briefly introduce the morphology and mechanism of the lateral line first. Then we focus on the development of artificial lateral line which typically consists of an array of sensors and can be installed on underwater robots. A series of sensors inspired by the lateral line with different sensing principles have been summarized. And then the applications of artificial lateral line systems in hydrodynamic environment sensing and vortices detection, dipole oscillation source detection, and autonomous control of underwater robots have been reviewed. In addition, the existing problems and future foci in this field have been further discussed in detail. The current works and future foci have demonstrated that artificial lateral line has great potentials of applications and contributes to the development of underwater robots. 

Keywords: lateral line, artificial lateral line, bio-inspired flow sensor, flow-aided control, underwater robot

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