J Bionic Eng 18 (2021) 462–472 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s42235-021-0018-y
Multiuser Detection for MIMO-OFDM system in Underwater Communication Using a Hybrid Bionic Binary Spotted Hyena Optimizer
Md Rizwan Khan, Bikramaditya Das*
Department of Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering, VSS University of Technology, Burla-768018, Odisha, India
Abstract Multi Access Interference (MAI) is the main source limiting the capacity and quality of the Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (MIMO-OFDM) system which fulfills the demand of high-speed transmission rate and high quality of service for future underwater acoustic (UWA) communication. Multi User Detection (MUD) is needed to overcome the performance degradation caused by MAI. In this research, both local and global optimal solutions are obtained in Bionic Binary Spotted Hyena Optimizer (BBSHO) algorithm using the Position Coordinate Vectors (PCVs) of the social behavior of spotted hyenas to achieve MUD. Further, Extremal Optimization (EO) is introduced in BBSHO algorithm to improve the local search ability within the search space. Hence, a hybrid BBSHO algorithm is proposed for achieving MUD at the receiver of the MIMO-OFDM system whose transceiver model in underwater is implemented using BELLHOP simulation system. By MATLAB simulation, it is shown that the Bit Error Rate (BER) performance of the proposed hybrid algorithm outperforms with best optimal solution within the search space towards MUD for Interference to Noise Ratio (INR) at 10 dB, 20 dB, and 40 dB over conventional detectors and metaheuristic approaches such as Binary Spotted Hyena Optimizer (BSHO), Binary Particle Swarm Optimization (BPSO) in the UWA network.
Keywords: Underwater Acoustic (UWA), Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM), Multiuser Detection (MUD), Multi-Access Interference (MAI), Bionic Binary Spotted Hyena Optimizer (BBSHO), Extremal Optimization (EO)