[2022-Vol.19-Issue 6]Biopolymers and Biomimetic Materials in Medical and Electronic-Related Applications for Environment–Health–Development Nexus: Systematic Review
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Journal of Bionic Engineering (2022) 19:1562–1577

Faris Mohammed AL?Oqla1  · Mohammed Hassouna Alaaeddin2  · Muhammad Enamul Hoque3  · Vijay Kumar Thakur4,5

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The Hashemite University, P.O Box 330127, Zarqa 13133, Jordan 

2 University College Fairview, 2A, Jalan TP2, Sime UEP Industrial Park Subang Jaya , 47600 Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia 

3 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Military Institute of Science and Technology (MIST), Mirpur Cantonment, Dhaka 1216, Bangladesh 

4 Biorefning and Advanced Materials Research Center, Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC), Kings Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JG, UK 

5 School of Engineering, University of Petroleum & Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun 248007, Uttarakhand, India

Abstract: Biocomposites as bio-inspired materials are produced from renewable resources that are organic and ecofriendly alternative materials. To improve the lifestyle of human beings as well as enhancing the environmental indices, functional bio-materials are now implemented in various promising industries. This work has systematically discussed and highlighted the implementations and trends of functional bionic materials in high tech industries, which are necessary for developing modern societies. Various medical, electronic, food and pharmaceutical applications have been considered. Bio-inspired materials are used to develop more sustainable possibilities to increase environmental conservation while maintaining customer satisfaction. Biopolymers were found employed in several sectors for various functional bio-products including organic thin-flm transistors, organic phototransistor, emitting diodes, photodiodes, photovoltaic solar cells, hybrid dental resins, sustainable pharmaceuticals, and food packaging. They are used to create sustainable bio-products for energy storage and harvesting, bone regeneration, nerve damage repair, drug applications and various other industrial subcategories.

Keywords: Biopolymers · Bioinspired · Biomimetic materials · Tissue engineering · Nerve repair · Organic transistors


Different medical applications of biopolymers (a) An endosteal dental implant (b) Artificial cornea implant (c) Knee artificial joint (d) Artificial heart valve

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