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[2023-Vol.20-Issue 6]A Review: From Aquatic Lives Locomotion to Bio-inspired Robot Mechanical Designations
Post: 2023-12-29 13:46  View:363

Journal of Bionic Engineering (2023) 20:2487–2511 https://doi.org/10.1007/s42235-023-00421-2

A Review: From Aquatic Lives Locomotion to Bio-inspired Robot Mechanical Designations

Pengxiao Bao1,2,3 · Liwei Shi1,2,3 · Lijie Duan1,2,3 · Shuxiang Guo2,3,4 · Zhengyu Li1,2,3 Liwei Shi

shiliwei@bit.edu.cn

1 School of Medical Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China

2 School of Life Science, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China

3 The Key Laboratory of Convergence Medical Engineering System and Healthcare Technology, The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, No. 5, Zhongguancun, South Street, Beijing 100081, China

4 The Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, Guangdong, China

Abstract:With the development of camera technology, high-speed cameras have greatly contributed to capturing the movement and posture of animals, which has dramatically promoted experimental biology research. At the same time, with the concept of bionics gradually gaining popularity among researchers, the design of robots is absorbing more and more biological features, where the interest in the bio-inspired robot is hewed out. Compared with the traditional robot, the bio-inspired robot imitates the motion pattern to achieve similar propulsion features, which may be more effective and reasonable. In this paper, the motion patterns of aquatic animals are divided into four categories according to their propulsion mechanisms: drag-based, lift-based, jet-based, and interface-based. And bio-inspired robots imitating aquatic prototypes are introduced and reviewed. Finally, the prospect of aquatic bio-inspired robots is discussed.

Keywords: Bionic · Bio-inspired robot · Aquatic animal · Propelling mechanism · Structure design

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