[2023-Vol.20-Issue 6]Boosting Kernel Search Optimizer with Slime Mould Foraging Behavior for Combined Economic Emission Dispatch Problems
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Journal of Bionic Engineering (2023) 20:2863–2895

Boosting Kernel Search Optimizer with Slime Mould Foraging Behavior for Combined Economic Emission Dispatch Problems 

Ruyi Dong1  · Lixun Sun1  · Long Ma1  · Ali Asghar Heidari2  · Xinsen Zhou3  · Huiling Chen3

Huiling Chen Ruyi Dong Lixun Sun Long Ma Ali Asghar Heidari Xinsen Zhou 

1 College of Information and Control Engineering, Jilin Institute of Chemical Technology, Jilin 132000, China 

2 School of Surveying and Geospatial Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran 1417935840, Iran 

3 Key Laboratory of Intelligent Informatics for Safety & Emergency of Zhejiang Province, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou 325000, China

Abstract: Reducing pollutant emissions from electricity production in the power system positively impacts the control of greenhouse gas emissions. Boosting kernel search optimizer (BKSO) is introduced in this research to solve the combined economic emission dispatch (CEED) problem. Inspired by the foraging behavior in the slime mould algorithm (SMA), the kernel matrix of the kernel search optimizer (KSO) is intensifed. The proposed BKSO is superior to the standard KSO in terms of exploitation ability, robustness, and convergence rate. The CEC2013 test function is used to assess the improved KSO's performance and compared to 11 well-known optimization algorithms. BKSO performs better in statistical results and convergence curves. At the same time, BKSO achieves better fuel costs and fewer pollution emissions by testing with four real CEED cases, and the Pareto solution obtained is also better than other MAs. Based on the experimental results, BKSO has better performance than other comparable MAs and can provide more economical, robust, and cleaner solutions to CEED problems. 

Keywords: Combined economic emission dispatch · Kernel search optimization · Slime mould algorithm · Valve point efect · Greenhouse gases


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