[2024-Vol.21-Issue 1]Progress on Bionic Textured Cutting Tools: A Review and Prospects
Post: 2024-03-14 09:48  View:243

Journal of Bionic Engineering (2024) 21:19–55

Progress on Bionic Textured Cutting Tools: A Review and Prospects

Hong Wei1,2 · Guangjun Chen1,2 · Zhuang Chen1,2 · Zhiwei Yu1,2 · Jiashuai Huang1,2

1. Tianjin Key Laboratory of High Speed Cutting and Precision Processing, Tianjin 300222, China 

2. School of Mechanical Engineering, Tianjin University of Technology and Education, Tianjin 300222, China

AbstractCutting tools are known as the “productivity” of the manufacturing industry, which afects the production efciency and quality of the workpiece, and has become the focus of research and attention in academia and industry. However, traditional cutting tools often sufer from adhesion or wear during the cutting process, which considerably reduces the cutting efciency and service life of the tools, and makes it difcult to meet current production requirements. To solve the above problems, scholars have introduced bionics into the tool’s design, applying the microscopic structure of the biological surface to the tool surface to alleviate the tool’s failure. This paper mainly summarizes the research progress of bionic textured cutting tools. Firstly, categorize whether the bionic texture design is inspired by a single organism or multiple organisms. Secondly, it is discussed that the non-smooth surface of the biological surface has fve characteristics: hydrophilic lubricity, wear resistance, drag reduction and hydrophobicity, anti-adhesion, and arrangement, and the non-smooth structure of these diferent characteristics are applied to the surface of the tool is designed with bionic texture. Furtherly, the cutting performance of bionic textured cutting tools is discussed. The anti-friction and wear-resisting mechanism of bionic textured cutting tools is analyzed. Finally, some pending problems and perspectives have been proposed to provide new inspirations for the design of bionic textured cutting tools. 

Keywords Bionic textured cutting tools · Biological microstructure characteristics · Cutting performance · Anti-friction and wear-resisting mechanism

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